100 Interesting Facts About Canada to Celebrate #Canada150

Canada is having its 150th birthday this year, to celebrate I thought it would be fun to come up with a list of 100 Interesting Facts About Canada to Celebrate #Canada150.

While a variety of theories have been put forward for the origins of the word Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning “village” or “settlement”.

(This post is part of a blog hop so be sure to scroll to the bottom to see all the #ECMCanada150 blog posts.)

Facts About Canada

Image attribution – Wikipedia

Facts About Canada

  1. Canada is turning 150 years old on July 1st, 2017.
  2. Confederation:  July 1, 1867
  3. It is the second largest country, by total area, (including water) in the world. (Russia is the largest).
  4. By land area alone, however, Canada ranks fourth, the difference being due to it having the world’s largest proportion of fresh water lakes.
  5. Population: 35.85 million (2015).
  6. Canada’s population density, at 3.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (8.5/sq mi), is among the lowest in the world.
  7. The most densely populated part of the country is the Quebec City – Windsor Corridor, situated in Southern Quebec and Southern Ontario along the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River.
  8. Government: Federal parliamentary representative democracy under a constitutional monarchy.
  9. Monarch:  Elizabeth II
  10. Governor General:  David Johnston
  11. Prime Minister:  Justin Trudeau
  12. Chief Justice:  Beverley McLachlin
  13. Legislature Parliament:  Upper house – Senate and Lower house – House of Commons
  14. Canada is made up of ten provinces and three territories.
  15. Provinces: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and, Saskatchewan.
  16. Territories:  Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon.
  17. In turn, the provinces and territories may be grouped into four main regions: Western Canada, Central Canada, Atlantic Canada, and Northern Canada.
  18. Provinces have more autonomy than territories, having responsibility for social programs such as health care, education, and welfare.
  19. Canada has two official languages, English and French.
  20. New Brunswick, the only officially bilingual province, has a French-speaking Acadian minority constituting 33 percent of the population.
  21. A multitude of languages are used by Canadians, with English and French (the official languages) being the mother tongues of approximately 60% and 20% of Canadians, respectively.
  22. Canada is officially bilingual at the federal level.
  23. Recognized regional languages:  Chipewyan, Cree, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey and Tłı̨chǫ.
  24. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Inuit, and Métis.
  25. Capital city is Ottawa.
  26. Largest city is Toronto.
  27. Currency: Canadian dollar.
  28. Canada stretches across six time zones.
  29. Canada’s border with the United States is the world’s longest binational land border.
  30. Total area:  9,984,670 km2 (3,855,100 sq mi) (2nd)
  31. Water (%):  8.92
  32. Government policies such as publicly funded health care, higher taxation to redistribute wealth, the outlawing of capital punishment, strong efforts to eliminate poverty, strict gun control, and the legalization of same-sex marriage are further social indicators of Canada’s political and cultural values.
  33. Canadians drive on the right side of the road.
  34. Canada occupies much of the continent of North America, sharing land borders with the contiguous United States to the south, and the US state of Alaska to the northwest.
  35. Canada stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west; to the north lies the Arctic Ocean.
  36. Canada is home to the world’s northernmost settlement, Canadian Forces Station Alert, on the northern tip of Ellesmere Island – latitude 82.5°N – which lies 817 kilometres (508 mi) from the North Pole.
  37. Much of the Canadian Arctic is covered by ice and permafrost.
  38. Canada has the longest coastline in the world, with a total length of 243,042 kilometres (151,019 mi).
  39. Canada has over 2,000,000 lakes, more than any other country, containing much of the world’s fresh water.
  40. There are also fresh-water glaciers in the Canadian Rockies and the Coast Mountains.
  41. Since the end of the last glacial period, Canada has consisted of eight distinct forest regions, including extensive boreal forest on the Canadian Shield.
  42. Canada is geologically active, having many earthquakes and potentially active volcanoes.
  43. The use of the maple leaf as a Canadian symbol dates to the early 18th century.
  44. The maple leaf is depicted on Canada’s current and previous flags, and on the Arms of Canada.
  45. Ethnic demography:  76.7% European, 14.2% Asian, 4.3% Aboriginal, 2.9% Black, 1.2% Latin American, 0.5% Multiracial and 0.3% Other.
  46. Canada is religiously diverse, encompassing a wide range of beliefs and customs. Canada has no official church, and the government is officially committed to religious pluralism.
  47. Freedom of religion in Canada is a constitutionally protected right, allowing individuals to assemble and worship without limitation or interference.
  48. The practice of religion is now generally considered a private matter throughout society and the state.
  49. The majority of Canadians consider religion to be unimportant in their daily lives, but still believe in God.
  50. According to the 2011 census, 67.3% of Canadians identify as Christian; of these, Roman Catholics make up the largest group, accounting for 38.7% of the population.
  51. Religions:  67.2% Christianity, 23.9% Non-religious, 3.2% Islam, 1.5% Hinduism, 1.4% Sikhism, 1.1% Buddhism, 1.0% Judaism, 0.6% Other.
  52. The majority of the country has a cold or severely cold winter climate, but southerly areas are warm in summer.
  53. Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land territory being dominated by forest, tundra and the Rocky Mountains.
  54. One third of the population lives in the three largest cities: Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver.
  55. Various aboriginal peoples had inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization.
  56. Canada is a developed country and has the tenth highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the ninth highest ranking in the Human Development Index.
  57. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education.
  58. Canada is a Commonwealth realm member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
  59. A member of the Francophonie.
  60. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G8, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.
  61. The Constitution of Canada is the supreme law of the country, and consists of written text and unwritten conventions.
  62. Canada is recognized as a middle power for its role in international affairs with a tendency to pursue multilateral solutions.
  63. Canada is the world’s eleventh-largest economy as of 2015, with a nominal GDP of approximately US$1.79 trillion.
  64. Between 2011 and May 2016, Canada’s population grew by 1.7 million people with immigrants accounting for two-thirds of the increase.
  65. The main drivers of population growth are immigration and, to a lesser extent, natural growth.
  66. Canada has one of the highest per-capita immigration rates in the world, driven mainly by economic policy and, to a lesser extent family reunification.
  67. New immigrants settle mostly in major urban areas such as Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver.
  68. About four-fifths of Canada’s population lives within 150 kilometres (93 mi) of the contiguous United States border.
  69. Canada is experiencing a demographic shift towards an older population, with more retirees and fewer people of working age.
  70. As of 2013, the average life expectancy for Canadians is 81 years.
  71. In 2011 the average age of a Canadian was 39.9 years.
  72. The majority of Canadians (69.9%) live in family households, 26.8% report living alone, and those living with unrelated persons reported at 3.7%.
  73. In 2006, the average household size was 2.5 people.
  74. Canada is one of the most educated countries in the world.
  75. The country ranks first worldwide in the number of adults having tertiary education, with 51 percent of Canadian adults having attained at least an undergraduate college or university degree.
  76. Canada spends about 5.3% of its GDP on education.
  77. Since the adoption of section 23 of the Constitution Act, 1982, education in both English and French has been available in most places across Canada.
  78. Canadian provinces and territories are responsible for education provision.
  79. The mandatory school age ranges between 5–7 to 16–18 years, contributing to an adult literacy rate of 99 percent.
  80. As of 2015, the country has produced thirteen Nobel laureates in physics, chemistry, and medicine.
  81. Canada was ranked fourth worldwide for scientific research quality in a major 2012 survey of international scientists.
  82. Canada has one of the highest levels of Internet access in the world, with over 33 million users, equivalent to around 94 percent of its total 2014 population.
  83. The Canadian Space Agency operates a highly active space program, conducting deep-space, planetary, and aviation research, and developing rockets and satellites.
  84. Canada was the third country to launch a satellite into space after the USSR and the United States, with the 1962 Alouette 1 launch.
  85. In 1984, Marc Garneau became Canada’s first male astronaut.
  86. Canada is a participant in the International Space Station (ISS), and is a pioneer in space robotics, having constructed the Canadarm, Canadarm2 and Dextre robotic manipulators for the ISS and NASA’s Space Shuttle.
  87. According to the 2006 census, the country’s largest self-reported ethnic origin is Canadian (accounting for 32% of the population), followed by English (21%), French (15.8%), Scottish (15.1%), Irish (13.9%), German (10.2%), Italian (4.6%), Chinese (4.3%), First Nations (4.0%), Ukrainian (3.9%), and Dutch (3.3%).
  88. There are 600 recognized First Nations governments or bands, encompassing a total of 1,172,790 people.
  89. Canada’s Aboriginal population is growing at almost twice the national rate.
  90. In 2006, four percent of Canada’s population claimed Aboriginal identity.
  91. Another 16.2 percent of the population belonged to a non-Aboriginal visible minority.
  92. Canada has placed emphasis on equality and inclusiveness for all its people
  93. Multiculturalism is often cited as one of Canada’s significant accomplishments.
  94. Historically, Canada has been influenced by British, French, and Aboriginal cultures and traditions.
  95. The preservation of a distinctly Canadian culture is supported by federal government programs, laws, and institutions such as the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), the National Film Board of Canada (NFB), and the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC).
  96. Canadian literature is often divided into French- and English-language literatures, which are rooted in the literary traditions of France and Britain, respectively.
  97. Canadian visual art has been dominated by figures such as Tom Thomson – the country’s most famous painter – and by the Group of Seven.
  98. The Canadian music industry is the sixth largest in the world producing internationally renowned composers, musicians and ensembles.
  99. The roots of organized sports in Canada date back to the 1770s.  Canada’s official national sports are ice hockey and lacrosse.
  100. Canada has participated in almost every Olympic Games since its Olympic debut in 1900, and has hosted several high-profile international sporting events, including the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary, the 1994 Basketball World Championship, the 2007 FIFA U-20 World Cup, the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver and Whistler, British Columbia and the 2015 FIFA Women’s World Cup.

Facts About Canada

Photo via Visual Hunt

Information sources:

Government of Canada (1)

Government of Canada (2)


Wikipedia (Canada)

Be sure to check out these other #ECMCanada150 blog posts!


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  1. Heather Laura Clarke says:

    Impressed by all of this research! Good job!
    Heather Laura Clarke recently posted…DIY Canada Day wooden artMy Profile

  2. Wow, there’s so much I didn’t know. Thank you for this list.

  3. I love lists of facts! Found a few here that I didn’t know, too! :)

  4. Gina Bell says:

    After reading this, I feel smarter! ;-)

    Thanks for the list.

  5. kathy downey says:

    Thanks for sharing this detailed list

  6. Denise from UrbnSpice says:

    Very interesting! Thanks for all of the great information about our country, Canada. :)

  7. Vanessa says:

    I feel like I have a lot more random facts about Canada now! Thanks for sharing this post

  8. paula schuck says:

    That is a lot of Canada Trivia and information. Impressed by the amount of facts gathered here. Thanks and also Canada is the best country to live in. Blessed to live here. Such a stunning country resource wise.
    paula schuck recently posted…Solar Cover Tips – Keep Your Pool Clean and ToastyMy Profile

  9. Judy Cowan says:

    Lots of facts and lots of them I didn’t now, would be a great list to do some Canadian Trivia from.

  10. Peady @ Tempered With Kindness says:

    I love this so much!

    The world needs more Canada and what better time to learn a LOT of Canadian trivia than its sesquicentennial year?

    This is awesome! Great post.
    Peady @ Tempered With Kindness recently posted…Late Night Friday Fun or How to Write a Blog Post in 10 MinutesMy Profile

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